Computer Hope (2017) says that packets are used to send the data, in this case coming from a web server, over the internet by splitting up all of the information into pieces. There are many different software packages that enables you to use a server as a dedicated web server.
Rouse, M (2008) says that LAMP is an open source development platform for web that uses, Linux operating system, Apache as the web server, MySQL as the database and PHP as the scripting language. Emelianov, M (2017) says that LAMP is used for nearly every hosting provider or a variation of it. This could include WAMP which uses Microsoft Windows instead of Linux. HowStuffWorks (n.d) says that the reason why Linux is used is because it is a free operating system. This is due to the fact that it is open source so anybody can contribute and make changes to the code.
Web Hosting Geeks (n.d) says that without web servers, the internet would cease to exist as we know it. This is due to the fact that many websites and organisations use web servers to be able to host their own websites and without them we wouldn't be able to use the internet.
Web Hosting Geeks (n.d) also go on to say that web servers are the gateway between the average user and the world wide web as if you build your own web server, you have more configuration over it than if you used a online hosting service like 1&1.